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Why Camber Is Provided In Road

Types Of  The Road Camber – Advantages & Methods Of Providing Camber

What Is The Camber ?

Camber is the slope provided to Road Surface in the transverse direction to drain off the rainwater from the road surface. It is also known as cross slope of the road.

In this article, We will briefly discuss types of the camber used in road.

Types Of Camber

Why Camber Is Provided In The Road ?

1. To protect the road by preventing the entry of the surface water into the subgrade soil through the pavement.

2. To prevent the entry of the water into the bituminous pavement layers.

3. To remove the rainwater from the pavement surface as quickly as possible & to allow the pavement to get dry soon after the rain.

Learn More 

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  3. What Is Difference Between Camber and Super Elevation In Road

Types Of The Camber In Road

1Sloped Or Straight Camber

It consists of 2 straight slopes from the edges joining at the center of the carriageway. This type of the camber is very simple & can be easily constructed & maintained.

Straight Camber

2 – Parabolic Or Barrel Camber

It consists of the continuous Curve either elliptical or parabolic. It provides a flat road surface at the middle & steeper towards the edges. On account of the steeper edges, this type of the camber provides better drainage property. This camber is therefore preferred by fast – moving vehicles & suggested for the urban roads.

Parabolic Camber

This type of the camber is difficult to construct & maintain. The barrel camber has steeper edges which are the inconvenient to use. Moreover, the steeper edges are errored quickly & hence additional kerbs are to be provided.

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3 – Composite Camber

It consists of 2 straight slopes from the edges with a parabolic or circular crown in center of the camber. This type of the camber can be easily constructed & maintained.

Composite Camber

Advantages Of The Camber In Road

1 – Camber provides quick drainage of the rainwater & thus saves the foundation course of the road structure from weakening by the percolation of the rainwater to it through the road surface.

2 – This prevents rainwater to accumulate in the local shrinkages or depressions & forming water pools on the road surface, which are disagreeable to the public as well as to the road structure.

Learn More

Method Of The Providing Camber In Road

Usually, Camber is the provided on the straight roads by raising the center of the carriageway with respect to the edges, forming a crown or highest point on centerline.

At horizontal Curves with the Super-Elevation, the Surface drainage is affected by raising the outer edge of the pavement with respect to the inner edge while providing the desired Super-Elevation.

The rate of the Camber or cross slope is usually designed by One in ‘ n ’ which means the transverse slope is in ratio one vertical to “ n ” horizontal. The Camber is also expressed in the percentage. If the camber is x %, the cross slope is x in Hundred.

Recommended Values Of The Camber For Different Types Of The Road Surfaces By IRC


We Hope This Article Is Useful For Land Surveyors And Civil Engineers. If You Think This Article Is Important Kindly Get Benefits And Share With New Comers.

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About Raja Junaid Iqbal

Hi My name is Raja Junaid Iqbal and i am Land Surveyor by Profession but I've specialized in the field of Q,S and land development. As Professional Surveyor I engaged my self in all over the Gulf since 14 years.

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